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Some of the most common conditions treated surgically by neurosurgeons include:

  • Meningitis and other central nervous system infections including abscesses
  • Spinal disc herniation
  • Cervical spinal stenosis and lumbar spinal stenosis
  • Hydrocephalus
  • Head trauma (brain hemorrhages, skull fractures, etc.)
  • Spinal cord trauma and degenerative diseases
  • Traumatic injuries of peripheral nerves
  • Tumors of the spine, spinal cord and peripheral nerves
  • Intracerebral hemorrhage, such as subarachnoid hemorrhage, interdepartmental, and intracellular hemorrhages
  • Vascular malformations, including arteriovenous malformations

Neurosurgeons are also involved in treatment of some strokes. Learn more about symptoms of and treatment of strokes: Stroke Treatment.